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Iliya Iliev

A Hard-Bound Master Class by Iliya Iliev: Review of “Ornament” by Allan Punton

OrnamentCoverntmp International award-winning mosaic artist and Professor at the Academy of Fine Arts Sofia, Bulgaria Ilya Iliev knows what Rembrandt, Escher, Klee and VanGogh knew about the use of geometry in composing great works of art.  (see ‘The Nature, The Geometry & The Materials: Iliya Iliev“) In his latest book, Ornament, Iliev offers a master class on the topic illustrated with meticulous drawings and photographic examples of how he has designed works based on geometric principles.

Iliya Iliev  "Sesif"  2010  70x120cm diptych.  Stones, glass

Iliya Iliev “Sesif” 2010 70x120cm diptych. Stones, glass

When we learned that British mosaic artist (and fellow mosaic traveler) Allan Punton had completed a work based on what he learned from studying Ornament we asked him to write a review of the book for MAN.  Punton calls the book “a masterpiece.”  We agree. Ordering information is at the end of the article.  Enjoy – Nancie

Iliya Iliev "Visantia"

Iliya Iliev “Visantia”

Why did I buy this book?  Because it was like going to see Bruce Springsteen live at Wembley and then deciding to buy all his albums; you become smitten by the man and his music. Well, it was the same for me with mosaic artist Iliya Iliev.

Iliya Iliev "Agression of the Circles"  Triptych, 3 60x60cm panels.  Stones, marble, colored plasters

Iliya Iliev “Agression of the Circles” Triptych, 3 60x60cm panels. Stones, marble, colored plasters

I was lucky enough to be included in a private view of Iliya’s retrospective exhibit at RavennaMosaico in October of 2013.  Iliev was gracious in taking the time to explain each of his works to our group and I could see the sparkle in his eyes when he talked about his art. He is a master of the mosaic art form. So, when I found out about this new book, I had to get a copy.

This is more than a book; it is a cornucopia. This is not a mosaic projects book (hallelujah), nor a “how to cut stuff” tome (again, hallelujah).  It is, instead, a masterpiece in explaining compositional form. In that regard it is unique – gloriously unique.

It is written in the first person in such a way that you have a real sense of the personal knowledge and research that Iliya has put into this discourse. It is also clear that his experience as a gifted professor has benefited the clarity of the text and illustrations.

OrnamentFigure145

It is a textbook that informs and enables the reader to study the approaches covered as developmental exercises. The more you study the content, the more you learn from the examples shown and the book is crammed full of tessellation studies.

The book’s scope is wide and progresses through the following topics:  The Ornamental Motif and its Combinations, Linear Ornament, Surface Ornament, Rhythm Geometric Figures, Polygons and Polygon Grouping.

The introductory section is entitled “Let’s Start With Proportions” and Iliev shows an example of his work where he exploits the Golden Mean to demonstrate its impact on form (figure 8). Purely by coincidence, I had made a piece many years ago effecting the Golden Mean in its design, so I quickly felt that this book was going to be highly relevant to my personal approach to mosaic.

Ornamentfigure8

Geometric figures are explored in great detail within the book and Iliya explains their compositional variations very succinctly with examples of his own work – as he does with Snail of snails–Clam of clams (figure 133).

OrnamentFigure133

In the section on Polygon grouping, lliya discusses transformation and deformation of tesselation and refers to the work of MC Escher. To illustrate the text on this topic, Iliya includes several examples from Escher’s work such as how Escher turns the equilateral triangle into a tiling bird (figure 268).

OrnamentFigure268

I also had done some research on Escher’s approach to composition and created a composition drawn from an Escher sketch by casting glass elements in sand.

Allan Punton (After Escher)

Allan Punton Colour Puzzle after Escher (2011) 12″ x 12″

The final section of the book includes fourteen pages of Iliev’s own artwork and he has added personal notes on each one.

OrnamentWork

I am a slow reader and an even slower learner so it took me several weeks for my first journey in absorbing the contents of this book.  Inspired to apply some of the book’s concepts, I began to give some thought to a suitable place to start.

A while ago, I had set aside three tree trunk off-cuts that I thought would make for an interesting project. My initial thought had been to create a compositional form sympathetic to the shape of these wooden “shells.” But, I had yet to begin doing anything with them.

Wood shapes

As I was reading the book, these off-cuts came to my mind. Why? Because of a key sentence in the book’s Introduction; “If we assume that a square is a blank space – a symbol of unity, inserting another square within it would lead to some diversity while respecting and even underlining the basic motif.”

So, creating a design that would sit within a wood chassis and embrace/echo the form of the chassis was a creative challenge that I set for myself.  I chose transparenti dalle de verre as my material for several reasons. First, because I felt that it worked well with the theme of  “Inner Light”. In addition, faceting the glass would echo the texture of the thick bark of the wood chassis. And finally, with these materials I knew I could create tesserae of a size that would work well within the tessellated pattern I had in mind. I chose to use the same tonal range for the cuts within the primary pattern so that the light generated would highlight the form without distracting from the richness of colour.

Allan Punton "Inner Light" (2014) 38 cm x 42 cm

Allan Punton “Inner Light” (2014) 38 cm x 42 cm

Overall, I am quite happy with the outcome of this “geometric experiment” born from studying Iliev’s Ornament. It is a long way to Sofia, Bulgaria so I am very appreciative of this hard-bound “master class” that I can refer to any time I want.

Allan Punton, Arto Punto – October 2014

About the Book:

Title: Ornament
Author: Iliya Iliev
Language: English
Publisher: Arhimed, 2014
ISBN 978-954-799-182-4
Contents:  183 pages, 289 illustrative figures
Price: 25 EUR Hardcover; 20 EUR Paperback plus shipping
To order:  In the US order at Wit’s End here  (if out of stock, leave a message on their Contact page) or email the author at: ilievi_art@mail.bg

Also on MAN: “The Nature, The Geometry and The Materials: Why Mosaic by Professor Iliya Iliev”

Also by Allan Punton

Allan Punton "The Three Doges" 2014 Inspired by a ghost story by Alberto Toso Fei

Allan Punton “The Three Doges” 2014 Inspired by a ghost story by Alberto Toso Fei

Allan Punton "The Shrieking Skull of the Swindled Servent" (2014) Inspired by a ghost story by Alberto Toso Fei.

Allan Punton “The Shrieking Skull of the Swindled Servant” (2014) Inspired by a ghost story by Alberto Toso Fei.

Allan Punton "Post Tenbras Lux" 2011. Created for an exhibition celebrating the 500th anniversary of the King James Bible

Allan Punton “Post Tenebras Lux” 2011. Created for an exhibition celebrating the 500th anniversary of the King James Bible

Allan Punton (untitled) 2013  A commissioned outdoor panel.

Allan Punton (untitled) 2013 A commissioned outdoor panel.

 

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Contemporary Mosaic Flourishes in Florence: Musiwa 2013

Flags This summer, a new mosaic tradition was born in Florence with the first edition of Musiwa, an international exhibition featuring works from some of the medium’s most important and revered artists in order to . . .

. . . create a huge, unusual opportunity to gather many renowned artists in one place for a universal meeting where there could be an open exchange of emotions and ideas  brought on by magnificent mosaic works.

Fabrizio_Petri _Musiwa

Fabrizio Petri

Mosaic art was spread out all over Florence with installations at the Impruneta’s Contemporary Art Center, the Town Hall of Pontassieve, the Hall of Heroines at the Borgo di Pontassieve and the Ancient Hospital in S. Antonio. Musiwa culminated with an exhibition of “finalists” chosen by a committee at the historic Guelph Palace that ran from June 15 through July 16th.

Paolo Racagni

Paolo Racagni

Beyond the city-wide presentation of mosaic, Musiwa is also noteworthy for its origins – a joint venture between WART (WorldArtist – Art, Culture & People), Florence’s prestigious jewelry school, Perseo, AGT (Accademia Giardini del Tempo) and AIMC (International Association for Contemporary Mosaic).  Enthusiasm during the organizational phase proved to be contagious and the event quickly won the support of the communes of Firenze, Pontassieve, Lastra a Signa and Impruneta.

Rosanna Fattorinni, Massimo Campaioli, Francesco Chimienti and Nikos Tolis, President of AIMC

Rosanna Fattorinni, Massimo Campaioli, Francesco Chimienti and Nikos Tolis, President of AIMC

So, who was behind this? Musiwa’s Artistic Director and President and the mastermind behind the event is Maestro Francesco Chimienti, the founder and current president of WART. An artist himself, Chimento has a great love for mosaic and was a co-signer of the “Being Mosaic Foundation Manifesto” with Giulio Candussio.  Other key players included Musiwa’s Vice-President, Maestro Massimo Campaioli, who is also the founder/president of PERSEO and Florence’s Ambassador of Jewelry to the World and Rosanna Fattorini, an accomplished mosaic artist and Vice-President of AIMC.

Rosanna Fattorini

Rosanna Fattorini

Technical advisors who aided in the selection of works included Professor of Art Drawing and History Gianni Becciani, mosaic restoration expert Dr. Clarice Innocenti, the Pallazo Pitti Museum’s Director of Silver Materials Dr. Maria Sframeli and well-known painter Maestro Alberto Gallingani.

Nane Zavagno

Nane Zavagno

While Musiwa was not a competition, two artists, Nane Zavagno and Toyoharu Kii received special prizes “for the outstanding quality of their work” and mosaic artist, educator and innovator Giulio Candussio received a special award “for his magnificent cultural personality as well as for the scientific proposal ‘Being Mosaic Foundation Manifesto’.”

Toyoharu Kii

Toyoharu Kii

Within the group of 40+ mosaic artists who were part of MUSIWA there were many familiar names – De Luca, Menossi, Iliev, Goodwin, Cicognani, Louro do Rego, and Magdi among them. There were also artists new to us whose works feel fresh and exciting.

Dino Maccini

Dino Maccini

Iliya Iliev

Iliya Iliev

Marwa Qendeel

Marwa Qendeel

Sonia Louro do Rego

Sonia Louro do Rego

Luciano Petris

Luciano Petris

Elaine M. Goodwin

Elaine M. Goodwin

Marco de Luca

Marco de Luca

Giulio Menossi

Musiwa’s organizers are already expanding the reach of the program and preparing for next year.

Given the positive and enthusiastic results of Musiwa 2013, the Musiwa project will be turned into a foundation very soon. With international partners such as Florence, its Province, the Precious Stones Factory and other prestigious associations, there will be continued in-depth exhibitions and thematic meetings based on the mosaic art form in many new venues that will reach into schools, museums, art galleries and the media. The official headquarters of Musiwa 2014 will once again be Florence and the event is scheduled for June – August 2014. 

A list of all the participating artists is below.  Our thanks to Musiwa’s organizers for sending along to MAN all of this information and wonderful photographs.  Bravo!

Enjoy – Nancie

Poster_Musiwa 2

 

 

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“The Nature, The Geometry, and the Materials” Why Mosaic? by Professor Iliya Iliev

Iliya Iliev “Sesif” (Sisyphus) 2010 70x120cm diptych. Stones, glass

Professor Iliya Iliev, Chief of the Department of Mural Painting, Mosaics and Stained Glass at the Academy of Fine Arts in Sofia, Bulgaria has been exploring the possibilities of mosaics for over 30 years.  Classically trained in both art and architecture, Iliev’s mosaics exploit both of these doctrines.  His work is unmistakeable; always organic, always ordered by a geometry that gives wings to his eclectic materials.  We asked Iliev to answer the question: Why mosaic?  Why not painting or sculpture?  His response is below.  Enjoy – Nancie

I was born in Burgas, a port on the Black Sea, in the country of Bulgaria in 1931.

The sea gave me the freedom to be an artist during the difficult period of total oppression of my country between 1944 and 1989. During my lonely walks along the seaside the horizontal line, the eternal and always changing rhythms and shapes of the waves – their spilling on the sand, over the rocks and over the polished pebbles – the snails, the clams, the seaweeds, the jelly fishes passing away, the whole of nature . . . all of that inspired me to be an artist.

"Venice" (2014)

“Venice” (2014)

When I was not accepted into the Academy of Fine Arts in Sofia 1950, I decided to study architecture. After graduation, I spent five years working in an architectural company in Burgas. At that point in my life, I thought this was a waste of time. Later, I realized that this work was extremely useful to me. In architecture, I learned the constructive thinking, the logic of building things, the scale, and the geometry that would become a strong characteristic of my work. It would add to my love of nature and lead me to mosaic.

At 29, I was finally admitted into the Academy of fine Art where I received my Masters degree in 1966. My background in architecture directed me into the Decorative and Monumental field at the school – an area that permitted me an escape from the ideological rules of the time. This discipline was focused totally on the architectural and natural environment; the scale and the character of architecture itself. In this period, I spent a great deal of time working in different mural techniques from fresco to the plastic decorative relief – sgrafito – in many large works.

Iliya Iliev “Sport Palace” detail 1986

“Sports Palace”  1986  detail

After my post-diploma specialization in Paris with the king of colors – (industrial designer) George Patrix – I found somewhere in the south of France the beauty of easel mosaics.

I think I already had mosaics in myself from the spontaneous mosaics of the sea that I loved so much – the sands, shells clams and flooded water. A strange, polymorphic mixture from so different and maybe eclectic materials.

Iliya Iliev “The Green Algae” 2002 25x25cm Marble, glass.

Iliya Iliev “Land Slide” 2008 40x40cm Stones, glass.

And, once again, I will say that the decision to pursue a life making easel mosaics also came from my background in architecture. Like mosaics, architecture starts with the creative design process, then there is thinking through the logistics of construction and finally there is the act of construction, itself.

When a mosaic work is to be a wall made of stones, lime, and cement it must follow the rules for vertical and horizontal lines.

Iliya Iliev “The Wall”  1990  60x60cm  Stones

For other fine arts, these concepts may just be principles, but for mosaics they are a necessity.   The materials in classical architecture are the same as for classical mosaics.

In easel mosaics there is everything. There is painting in the color of materials. There is the graphic scale of black to white. There is sculpture in decisions around plasticity.

Iliya Iliev “Agression of the Circles” Triptych, 3 60x60cm panels. Stones, marble, colored plasters

In mosaic, you have the possibility of making all kinds of compositions from cleanly abstract  (which I don’t use frequently) to those which give the impression of space, perspective, depth, landscape, illusion.

Iliya Iliev “Geometry” 1967 60x120cm Stones

Sometimes I explore real landscapes or the illusion of flowers, trees and even animals.

Iliya Iliev “Pella” 2005 40x40cm Marble, glass

Iliya Iliev “Quarry” 1990 80x100cm Glass

Iliya Iliev “Santorini” 2012 70×110 cm Volcanic rock, marble from Tassos, granite.

Iliya Iliev “Meditarenium” 2012 White cement, marbled sand, shells

Iliya Iliev “The Tree of Life” 1989 90x90cm Marbles, stones, glass.

Iliya Iliev “Sunflowers” 2008 Various. Coloured glass, galvanized copper.

Iliya Iliev “The Wolves” 1990 60x120cm Granite, marble

Iliya Iliev “Fish” 2012 40x40cm Marble, coloured plaster

Sometimes I look to serious philosophical problems.

Iliya Iliev “Sisif” (Sisyphus) 2010 70x120cm diptych. Stones, glass

This divine technique, mosaic, gave me the option to be a contemporary artist and to take part in a creative life.

Iliya Iliev “Japan My Love” 2011 2 40x40cm diptych. Granite, marble, glass

Iliya Iliev “London” 2012 40x40cm Marble, smalti.

I love and give great importance to the materials used in my mosaics – materials which I have made and prepare myself or occasionally find in the magical space of nature. For the most part, I use the beautiful stones of my country. But, my work with the binding materials (cement adhesives) of mosaics is another game. I bend or dissolve or even destroy the spaces between the tesserae, introducing into this space some brilliant colours.

My visits to Ravenna, Thessaloniki and Istanbul gave my mosaics golden backgrounds and the brilliance of the noble materials.

I began using and making hot glass elements after my meeting with (industrial designer) Tapio Vircala of Finland and (hot glass pioneer) Bill Boysen of the US. My kiln helps me to produce different forms, interesting details, and coloured glasses. The discovering and making of materials is the job of the artist him/herself and that is a personal and creative laboratory which also attracts me to mosaics.

And so, these three things THE NATURE, THE GEOMETRY and THE MATERIALS are the three things that made me forever a friend of the easel mosaic. For the mosaic and my technique I am very grateful and do not regret my choice.

Prof. Iliya Iliev August, 2012

Also on MAN:  “A Hard-Bound Master Class by Iliya Iliev: A Review of Ornament by Allan Punton”

http://www.iliev-mosaicart.com

Brief Biography:  1985: Becomes professor of mural painting at Academy of Fine Arts, Sofia, Bulgaria.  1987: Participation in a monumental art and mosaic symposium Senege, Moscow, Russia. 1987: One-man mosaic exhibition Sofia, Bulgaria.  1989: National prize for decorative arts “Ivan Penkov”.  1990:  Membership in the International Contemporary Mosaicists, Ravenna, Italy.  1991:  Becomes chief of department of mural painting, mosaics and stained glass at the Academy of Fine Arts, Sofia, Bulgaria.  1991:  Visiting professor in the South Illinois University, USA.  1996:  One-man show (glass mosaics) in USA .  2000:  Participation in the Mosaic show AIMC Alexandria, Egypt. 2003:  Participation in VII Congress and mosaic exhibition in Ravenna, Italy.  2003:  Participation in a “Dante” mosaic exhibition in Ravenna, Italy.  2004:  One-man mosaic exhibition, Sofia, Bulgaria.  2004:  One-man mosaic exhibition, Plovdiv, Bulgaria .  2004:  One-man mosaic exhibition, Burgas, Bulgaria.   Over  70 works in architectural spaces. Easel mosaics is in national galleries and private collections in Bulgaria, USA, France, Netherlands, Japan, Germany, Greece, Hungary, etc.  Iliev is the author of two books, Parqueting Convexing Pentagon: Mosaics of The Pentagons (2009) and The Ornament.

Iliya_Iliev_Sports_Palace1_1986

Iliya Iliev "Sport Palace" 1986

Iliya_Iliev_Sports_Palace_Detail_1986

"Sports Palace" detail 1986

Iliya_Iliev_The_Green_Algae_2002_25x25cm

Iliya Iliev "The Green Algae" 2002 25x25cm Marble, glass.

Iliya_Iliev_Land_Slide_2008_40x40cm

Iliya Iliev "Land Slide" 2008 40x40cm Stones, glass.

Iliya_Iliev_The_Wall_1990_60x60cm

Iliya Iliev

Iliya_Iliev_Agression_of_the_Circles_Triptych_3@60x60.

Iliya Iliev "Agression of the Circles" Triptych, 3 60x60cm panels. Stones, marble, colored plasters

Iliya_Iliev_Geometry_1967_60x120cm

Iliya Iliev "Geometry" 1967 60x120cm Stones

Iliya_Iliev_Pella_2005_40x40cm

Iliya Iliev "Pella" 2005 40x40cm Marble, glass

Iliya_Iliev_Quarry_1990_80x100cm

Iliya Iliev "Quarry" 1990 80x100cm Glass

Iliya_Iliev_Santorini_2012_70x110cm

Iliya Iliev "Santorini" 2012 70x110 cm Volcanic rock, marble from Tassos, granite.

Iliya_Iliev_Mediteraneum_2012_60x70cm

Iliya Iliev "Meditarenium" 2012 White cement, marbled sand, shells

Iliya_Iliev_The_Tree_of_Life_1989_90x90cm

Iliya Iliev "The Tree of Life" 1989 90x90cm Marbles, stones, glass.

Iliya_Iliev_Sunflowers_2008

Iliya Iliev "Sunflowers" 2008 Various. Coloured glass, galvanized copper.

Iliya_Iliev_The_Wolves_1990_60x120cm

Iliya Iliev "The Wolves" 1990 60x120cm Granite, marble

Iliya_Iliev_Fish_2012_40x40cm

Iliya Iliev "Fish" 2012 40x40cm Marble, coloured plaster

iliya_Iliev_Sunflowers_2008_2

Iliya Ilieve "Sunflowers" 2008 Various. Coloured glass, galvanized copper.

Iliya_Iliev_Sesif_2010_70x120

Iliya Iliev "Sesif" 2010 70x120cm diptych. Stones, glass

Iliya_Iliev_Japan_My_Love_2011_2x40-40

Iliya Iliev "Japan My Love" 2011 2 40x40cm diptych. Granite, marble, glass

Iliya_Iliev_London_2012_40x40cm

Iliya Iliev "London" 2012 40x40cm Marble, smalti.

Iliya_Iliev_Visantia_

Iliya Iliev "Visantia"

Portrait

 

Ilya Iliev Inspired by the sea

"Venice" (2014)

Iliya Iliev "Sport Palace" 1986 "Sports Palace" detail 1986 Iliya Iliev "The Green Algae"  2002 25x25cm  Marble, glass. Iliya Iliev "Land Slide"  2008  40x40cm  Stones, glass. Iliya Iliev Iliya Iliev "Agression of the Circles"  Triptych, 3 60x60cm panels.  Stones, marble, colored plasters Iliya Iliev "Geometry"  1967  60x120cm Stones Iliya Iliev "Pella"  2005  40x40cm  Marble, glass Iliya Iliev  "Quarry"  1990 80x100cm Glass Iliya Iliev  "Santorini"  2012  70x110 cm  Volcanic rock, marble from Tassos, granite. Iliya Iliev  "Meditarenium"  2012  White cement, marbled sand, shells Iliya Iliev "The Tree of Life"  1989  90x90cm Marbles, stones, glass. Iliya Iliev  "Sunflowers"  2008  Various.  Coloured glass, galvanized copper. Iliya Iliev "The Wolves" 1990  60x120cm  Granite, marble Iliya Iliev "Fish" 2012  40x40cm  Marble, coloured plaster Iliya Ilieve "Sunflowers"  2008  Various.  Coloured glass, galvanized copper. Iliya Iliev  "Sesif"  2010  70x120cm diptych.  Stones, glass Iliya Iliev "Japan My Love"  2011  2 40x40cm diptych.  Granite, marble, glass Iliya Iliev "London" 2012  40x40cm  Marble, smalti. Iliya Iliev "Visantia" Portrait "Venice" (2014)

 

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Adams.jpgAndrea Sala & Giulia Alecci "Co-musivo" 2013  VideoHouston.jpgJim_Bachor_This_is_not_a_craft_2010_11inx14insara.jpgWebb_Bryant Patio RaysMohamed Banawy  "City 1" 2011  49 x 49 cm  Clay, glass, cement.Luca Barberini Bone Flowersandres_basurto_large08.jpgBeauchamps-SeasonofSunandwind-2AprilBegayhungry-for-gold-320x312Jolino_Bessera_DontCutYourTongueOnTheRhinestonesMarie-laure-BessonFragmentsIVBiggsTide6272969822_38f84a7e5f_z.jpgMeredith Live Oak bark, recycled tempered glass, paint, metallic powders39.jpgMangere+Mosaic.jpgGerardBrandGerstheim2014JesusJo BraunMarco_Bravura_Recuperi_d'_OroSunflowers+smalti+unglazed+ceramic+63+x+48+cm.jpgLilian_Broca_Queen_Esther_Revealing_Her_True_IdentityCarl&SandraBryantCaco3+movimento+n7full.jpgPixel_Context_Pixel_TributeToNicanorParra_2014_150x200cm (3)Photo:  APLaura Carraro "Breath" 2013  123 x 40 cm.  Stones, marble, tile, silicone tubing, PVC, inverted mirror.  Photo courtesy MARRaffaella Ceccarossi "Emerging" 2013 37 x 140 x 12 cm  Smalti and marble.mail-2.jpgCharny Birds in Hair 1000LChinn ArabesqueRamblings_for_sending_copy12.jpgSergio Cicognani Untitled 82 x 90cm  Marble, smalti, fresco paintingSelf-Portrait, 2004-2005 102 x 86Clough.jpgBiggs_and_CollingsRebecca_Collins_StrengthToStrength_2011Luca_Carlo_Colomba_4552.jpgKeKe Cribbs "Casa PapaDoble"  Photo from the artist's Facebook page.DSCN0270.JPGCzapracki.jpgJeanAnn Dabb "Assay 1: Delamar" 2012  20 in. diameter  Bone ash cupels, ceramic crucibles, glass, porcelain.  In the background:  "Core:  Tintic District"  2012  Triptych 70 x 13 in panels.  Stone core samples, ceramic, smalti, woodAndrea Deszö  "Community Garden"  2006Julie_Dilling_Keep_Me_WarmDimit.jpgKatrina Doran  Noli Me TangereGary Drostle, 2010 "Movement and Vitality" DetailDrouin.jpgErcolani.jpgFaileSizeVisionMosaic.jpgneda-600x400.jpgRosanna FattoriniCynthia Fisher  "To Everything There Is A Season, Summer"  2011  25 x 33 in.  vitreous glass, stained glass, smalti, stone, unglazed porcelain, broken pottery, marble, mirror glass, groutSara Frost "Querty" Detail  Photo: via Colossal.comBenedetta Galli "We Are The 99" 2013 140 x 200 cm  Photos and silicone on canvas.Giovanna Galli (France)5pods.jpgRed+Pods.jpgLarry_M_Levine.jpgGoode.jpgElaine M Goodwin Touching ParadiseRoberta Grasso "Memory of a Dream" 2012  460 x 230 cm  Silicon, smalti, ceramic glass, organza, tulle.Jhgreen_wall.jpgfull.jpgErika+full.jpgYakov Hanansen "Brain" 36 x 36 in. Hand-made ceramic tesserae, porcelain, smalti.Hanansen_GRS_framed_2000Hisao Matsuo "Don't Tell What Was Seen In The Woods" 24 x 35"Kim Jae Hee "Corea del Sud" (Uncomfortable House) 2010 40 x 40 cm Nails & felt  Photo courtesy MARProgressonIII Rhonda HeislerIMG_1199.jpgLaura Hiserote "No Time To Be Koi"  DetailSamantha Holmes "Absensce (Moscow)" 2012  260 x 150 cm  Marble, smalti, ceramic glass, gold.hubbell-intro.jpgTessa_Hunkin_Varieties_PeakingDog_PhotoTHHutchinson_Tango_Corto1Iliya Iliev  "Sesif"  2010  70x120cm diptych.  Stones, glassMombasa.jpgPamela Irving "Mr. Logomania" 2013 (Australia)Iskander+Impromptu-in-Blue+2000.jpgKate Jessup "Tense Twinships" 2012  36x52 in.  Glass, wood, thinset, stone, found objectsjones-time-for-lunch-1000Francien Jongsma Simonemichaelferris.jpgZhanna Kadyrova "Diamonds" 2006  Variable. Cement, tile.Kaitis.jpgVadzim Kamisarau "The Main News 3"  2012  50 x 95 cm  Cement, smaltikenawy-memories-full1Keren.jpgKate_KerriganWalkingInRainMatko_KezleInki-400-bimg-kii-blue-grids-in-blue-big.jpgPermafrost+King.jpgAndrej-Koruza-Structured-1-2011-Detailkozachek+Three+Intruding+Fanatics.jpgMichael_Kruzich_SylvesterKazumi Kurihara "Il Libro Legge" (The book reads) 2011 (Japan)Melaine_Lenoelevy-a-man-in-a-waiting-room-300dpi-1000Bett Ann Libby "China Leaf Tea" 2006  13 x 13 x 10 in.  Photo:  David CarasMarco De Luca "La Morte di Ofelia" 2003 123 x 183 x 3 cmLucas.jpgSager.jpgdragonflycompleteMonica_Machado_The_Clothes_Line_2000_260cmCorde-à-linge-Monica-Machado-détailstone-circle-dugald-macinnesMohamad Banawy "Abstract 3" 2010 80 x 80 cm  Clay, glass.MAN2009-Marzi-foto.jpgEaster_Egg_Mosaic_02.jpgAnadoMcLaughlinru paul2.pngHildreth_MeiereCathedral Basilica of Saint Louis, Drinking deer mosaic on northJeroenMeijerMaterNostra2008"More American Gifts:  Grenades"  2005  5.5 x 3.9 x 3.5 in  Ceramic, porcelain, plaster, wire, metal, cement adhesive, grout.the rainJason Middlebrook "Brooklyn SeedsFlaking paint on wooden door, Perthshire, Scotland. Photo: Helen Miles MosaicsAndrea Deszö  "Community Garden"  2006Julian_Modica_zappa.jpgMosaic RhinocerosLynnMoorPipgtailGirlBOMIMG_6541.jpgJinette+Mosaique.jpgMosaïzm "Gallaxiam" 2013 Detail  Photo courtesy MARCleo Mussi "Mind"  2012Silvia_Naddeo-Transition-2012Megumi-Naitoh-4192010-detail-Michael-WelchFamiliarGroundNewton Serenity 2FelicesBalls_4546.jpg8419_1251766378980_1374130919_703135_1818425_n.jpg"Cerulean Rendesvous" Carole Choucair-Oueijan 53.5 x 45 in.    Smalti, 24 karat gold smalti, cristallino, marble, granite111_0424.jpgFamiliarGroundNiki_de_Saint_Phalle_Tarot_Garden114Picasso.TeteFauveSergio-Policicchio-Corpi-celesti-2011"Dama-Dama" (2014) 1385 x 1165 cm.Elena Prosperi "Wakan-Tanka" 2013  60 x 198 cm  Tiffany glass, glass metal leaf, stones, feathers.Allan Punton "The Three Doges" 2014 Inspired by a ghost story by Alberto Toso FeiRebecca+detail.jpgAndjelka Radojevic  My Little ChickadeeGila+Rayberg+Morning+After.jpgSonya Louro do Rego "Fall" 2011 150 x 50 x 25 cm Shells and marble on wood and polystyrene  Photo: NTMP3312140193_3f2f0905ec.jpgNightshirt-Richey.jpegMo-Ringey-Stools-2004Faith Ringgold "Flying Home:  Harlem Heroes and Heroines (Downtown and Uptown)" 1996  Photo via MTA Arts for Transitdiego_rivera1-320x160Anna Rommel "Green Fish"clug romaniaAndrea Sala & Giulia Alecci "Co-musivo" 2013  VideoRuth_Minola_Scheibler_nightflight_024"x4"Peter Rabbit & fence Beatrix Pottermedium_Reminiscence.jpgWINDSTILL+1.jpgGino-Severini-Church-of-St-Mark-Cortona-Mosaic-wiki-cropIlana Shafir WhirlBeneath+1.jpgmail.JPGVox+Sizemore.JPG100_5652.jpgJasna SokolovicSollinger+Old+Growth+2000.jpgCarol Stirton-Broad "From My Sister's Garden #3" 2013 3.5 x 10.5 inPam Stratton "Twin Lights"Hisao Matsuo "Don't Tell What Was Seen In The Woods" 24 x 35"Carol Talkov "What's Inside" 2012  14 x 17 x 4tavonatti+4+close+up.jpgKathy Thaden  The VisitCynthia Toops "Wolf and Dog" 2012 2.75 x 2.75 x .25 in. Plymer clay, sterling silver metalwork by Chuck Domitrovich  Photo:  Michael WelchBrooks Tower "No Pants"  2004  24 x 14 in.Matylda Tracewska "Untitled" 60 x 48 cm. Marble and paint.Matylda Tracewska "Black Square III"  2011  80 x 80 x 4 cm.  Marble, smalti.Crack+true.jpgTunick_07_1Federico UribeVital CU 02vortex+close+up.jpgennisHouse_1428291c.jpgIsaiah Zagar    Photo WikipediaAleksey Zhuchov "Still Life With Bottles" 2012  50.5 x 47 cm  Natural and artificial stone, smalti.